Canis lupus lupis
World’s largest member of the dog family with size ranging a lot according to geographic location (weights can range from 32-80kg). Wolves from Russia tend to be larger than animals in Western Europe. They look like a large dog, with much longer legs, larger feet and head. Their fur is very thick, made of two layers; a soft undercoat for insulation and coarse outer guard hairs. Colour can vary too, but generally grey with black, and brown flecks with lighter tummies.
Having once existed throughout Europe, has suffered a huge decline and become extinct through much of its European range since the middle ages. Recovery of European wolf populations started during the 1950s. Since then, natural recolonization and active reintroductions of wolves has seen numbers increasing and range gradually expanding.
Highly adaptable, inhabit a variety of habitats, including deserts, urban areas, forests, grassland and mountainous regions. Wolf presence in a particular habitat depends greatly on prey numbers and human presence.
Highly variable diet, ranging from large hoofed mammals (such as deer and elk), to smaller animals, carrion, livestock and berries.
Very intelligent, social species. Each pack normally consists of a mated pair and their offspring. There is a strict hierarchy, enforced by the dominant pair through various vocal and visual behaviours. Howling is an important part of wolf communication; calling pack members to a hunt, as an alarm, to locate pack members across large distances, and for pack bonding. Hunts involve all pack members, chasing prey down until they are physically exhausted. Only the dominant pair will breed, having just one litter a year between April and May.
Exterminated in UK by 1684, and remains extinct.
Hunting, particularly persecution to prevent livestock predation. Since 1970, legal protection for wolves in some parts of its range has led to a population bounce back. Continued threats are habitat loss and fragmentation; particularly the later which results in small populations without long term viability.
We are very proud of our wolf pack here at Wildwood. Our dominant pair, Nuna and Odin, welcomed their first litter back in May 2018. They had four males, and their names are Minimus, Tiberius, Maximus, and Augustus.
Did you know?
- Wolves are present in the myths and legends of most European cultures. Depicted often as a bad omen, symbol of danger, and witchcraft.
- The grey wolf’s closest living relative is the domestic dog, having diverged around 40,000-20,000 years ago when humans first started to domesticate those ancient wolves.