Wildwood Group
Wildwood Group
Wildwood Group

Jackdaw

Corvus monedula

 

Description

Belongs to the corvid group of birds which includes crows, ravens, jays and magpies. A small dark grey-black corvid with a light grey neck and head with pale blue eyes. They have short legs and a short bill.

Distribution

Widespread throughout all of Europe, into central Asia and Northern Africa. It has become extinct locally in Malta and Tunisia.

Habitat

Highly adaptable. Farmland, pastures, coastal cliffs, towns are all habitats well suited to the jackdaw. They prefer a mix of large trees / buildings with open ground rather than large scale open fields or densely wooded areas.

Diet

Highly opportunistic species. Mainly feeds on small invertebrates such as beetles, flies, butterflies, moths and larvae. They are also known to feed on small rodents, bats and other bird’s eggs. Foraging usually happens on the ground, pecking and jumping in order to disturb the invertebrates underground. Have also been known to pick ticks and other parasites off of other mammals such as sheep and cows. Have been known to also consume agricultural crops such as wheat and oats, acorns, and fruits.

Behaviour

Like all corvids, Jackdaws are extremely intelligent birds. Highly social and diurnal species, can be found in large flocks (largest in autumn) and communally roost overnight. Within flocks there is a strict social hierarchy, with unmated females being the lowest ranking individuals. Males and females form lifelong pair bonds.

UK Status

Widespread throughout the UK, although absent from north-west Scotland. Protected under the UK Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981.

Threats

Victim of pest control, although not as intensely as other corvid members. Hunting is common throughout Europe, sometimes actively encouraged (such as in Germany).

Wildwood

Our Jackdaws are located next to the badger building.

Did you know?

Smallest member of the crow family.