Wildwood Group
Wildwood Group
Wildwood Group

Black Stork

Ciconia nigra

 

Description

Large bird, standing as tall at 102 cm, with a 145-155cm wingspan, they weigh on average around 3kg. Long neck, with a long pointed red bill and red legs. Their plumage is black but in certain lights can have a purple or green sheen, and white areas on the breast and belly.

Distribution

Huge geographic range. Found from Spain to China during the summer, and spending winter in Africa and Asia.

Habitat

Woodland areas that are near to marshes or wetland areas (such as ponds, rivers, estuaries) are preferred for breeding habitats.

Diet

Fish is their main source of food. Have also been known to feed on amphibians, reptiles, small mammals and birds, invertebrates and crustaceans.

Behaviour

Solitary and shy by nature, tending to stay away from human activity. Forage alone or in small groups if there is lots of food available. Once paired, most males and females stay together for life, building nests out of sticks high in the tree canopy. Many vocalisations ranging from low grunts, hisses and whistles. During the breeding season the characteristic “bill-chattering” is their loudest vocalisation.

UK Status

An occasional visitor to the UK, the improvement of wetland and coastal areas could see the increased occurrence of Black storks here.

Threats

Habitat degradation of its suitable breeding habitats, through deforestation of woodland, the development of industry and farming as well as the building of dams. The wintering habitats in Africa are also threatened by agricultural activity, and pollution. Hunting during migration in Europe and Asia has also contributed to population declines.

Wildwood

Currently we are home to one black stork named Spock! You can find him right at the front of the park in the first aviary. He shares his enclosure with a group of white storks. Although being a much shyer species compared to the white variety, he definitely holds his own in the aviary.

Did you know?

Black storks have the widest geographical range of any species in the stork family.